Sri Guru Amar Das Ji
( 1479-1574, Guruship, 1552-1574 )
Sri Guru Amar Das Ji was born on May 5th 1479 AD at Village Basarke in District of Amritsar, India. He was the eldest son of his parents, Bhai Tej Bhan and Mata Lakhmi. At the age of 24, he was married to Mansa Devi who gave birth to two sons, Mohan and Mohri, and two daughters, Bibi Dani and Bibi Bhani. As the third Sikh Guru his message was to dispense with the system of Sati and Parada. He established 22 centers called Manjis on the Mughal pattern of 22 paraganas to strengthen the economy of the Sikh movement.
He also provided new vigor to the system of Langar (open kitchen for all). When Emperor Akbar visited the Guru Sahib, the prior was first asked to take Langar. On the plea of Sri Guru Amar Das Ji, Emperor Akbar abolished Jazia, a tax imposed upon non-Muslims. Sri Guru Amar Das Ji composed 869 hymns depicting his experience of the divine which are included within the Sri Guru Granth Sahib (Sikh scriptures).
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